Yakuza - das steckt hinter der japanischen Mafia. Der Name Yakuza hat seinen Ursprung aus dem japanischen Kartenspiel "Oicho-Kabu". In. Der Januskopf der japanischen Mafia – Yakuza. – Nächstenliebe und durchtriebener Geschäftssinn im Visier des kommenden Wiederaufbaus? Zur Geschichte. Manche Japaner übersetzen Yakuza als Mafia. Sie glauben sogar, daß Yakuza ein kriminelles Verbrecher-Syndikat ist. Wenn ein Politiker oder Schauspieler mit.
Yakuza: Die japanische Mafia einfach erklärtBanden, Gruppen) eingeteilt und die ausländische Presse bezeichnet sie manchmal auch zusammenfassend als „japanische Mafia“. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1. auf Brust und Rücken: So kennt man die Yakuza aus Dokumentationen und Hollywood-Filmen – Gangster der japanischen sculpturelingerie.com Name. Im Allgemeinen gelten die Yakuza als internationales Syndikat des organisierten Verbrechens. Die japanische Version der Mafia, wenn man so.
Yakuza Mafia Navigation menu VideoTwilight Of The Yakuza (Organised Crime Documentary) - Real Stories
O presidente de uma gangue de yakuza em Kyoto, por exemplo, forneceu 30 mil votos para eleger um governador. A Yamaguchi-gumi criou uma revista oficial chamada Yamaguchi-gumi Shinpo para seus membros.
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.
These cookies do not store any personal information. Yakuza are viewed by some Japanese as a necessary evil, in light of their chivalrous facade, and the organizational nature of their crime is sometimes viewed as a deterrent to impulsive individual street crime.
The Japanese government subsequently continued to impose stricter laws against criminal groups into the 21st century. Yakuza Article Additional Info.
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External Websites. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree Designated boryokudan groups are usually large organizations mostly formed before World War II , some before the Meiji Restoration of the 19th century ; however, there are some exceptions such as the Namikawa-kai , which, with its blatant armed conflicts with the Dojin-kai , was registered only two years after its formation.
Yakuza are regarded as semi-legitimate organizations. For example, immediately after the Kobe earthquake , the Yamaguchi-gumi , whose headquarters are in Kobe , mobilized itself to provide disaster relief services including the use of a helicopter , and this was widely reported by the media as a contrast to the much slower response by the Japanese government.
The yakuza and its affiliated gangs control drug trafficking in Japan, especially methamphetamine. Some Yakuza groups are known to deal extensively in human trafficking.
Yakuza trick girls from impoverished villages into coming to Japan, where they are promised respectable jobs with good wages. Instead, they are forced into becoming sex workers and strippers.
In essence, this is a specialized form of protection racket. Instead of harassing small businesses, the Yakuza harass a stockholders' meeting of a larger corporation.
They simply scare the ordinary stockholder with the presence of Yakuza operatives, who obtain the right to attend the meeting by making a small purchase of stock.
Yakuza also have ties to the Japanese realty market and banking, through jiageya. Jiageya specialize in inducing holders of small real estate to sell their property so that estate companies can carry out much larger development plans.
Japan's bubble economy of the s is often blamed on real estate speculation by banking subsidiaries. After the collapse of the Japanese property bubble, a manager of a major bank in Nagoya was assassinated, and much speculation ensued about the banking industry's indirect connection to the Japanese underworld.
Yakuza have been known to make large investments in legitimate, mainstream companies. As a matter of principle, theft is not recognised as a legitimate activity of Yakuza.
This is in line with the idea that their activities are semi-open; theft by definition would be a covert activity. More importantly, such an act would be considered a trespass by the community.
Also, Yakuza usually do not conduct the actual business operation by themselves. Core business activities such as merchandising, loan sharking or management of gambling houses are typically managed by non-Yakuza members who pay protection fees for their activities.
There is much evidence of Yakuza involvement in international crime. There are many tattooed Yakuza members imprisoned in various Asian prisons for such crimes as drug trafficking and arms smuggling.
In , one verified Yakuza member was caught smuggling 4 kilograms 8. Because of their history as a legitimate feudal organization and their connection to the Japanese political system through the uyoku dantai extreme right-wing political groups , Yakuza are somewhat a part of the Japanese establishment, with six fan magazines reporting on their activities.
The police stepped in and forced the Yakuza bosses on both sides to declare a truce in public. At various times, people in Japanese cities have launched anti-Yakuza campaigns with mixed and varied success.
In March , the Japanese government passed the Act for Prevention of Unlawful Activities by Criminal Gang Members , which made traditional racketeering much more difficult.
Beginning in , led by agency chief Takaharu Ando , Japanese police began to crack down on the gangs. Kodo-kai chief Kiyoshi Takayama was arrested in late In December , police arrested Yamaguchi-gumi's alleged number three leader, Tadashi Irie.
According to the media, encouraged by tougher anti-Yakuza laws and legislation, local governments and construction companies have begun to shun or ban Yakuza activities or involvement in their communities or construction projects.
They easily fit into the local population, since many tourists from Japan and other Asian countries visit the islands on a regular basis, and there is a large population of residents who are of full or partial Japanese descent.
They also work with local gangs, funneling Japanese tourists to gambling parlors and brothels. In California, the Yakuza have made alliances with local Korean gangs as well as Chinese triads.
They allied with Vietnamese gangs to use them as muscle, as they had potential to become extremely violent as needed. The Yakuza saw their potential following the constant Vietnamese cafe shoot-outs and home invasion burglaries throughout the s and early s.
In New York City, they appear to collect finder's fees from Russian, Irish and Italian gang members and businessmen for guiding Japanese tourists to gambling establishments, both legal and illegal.
This was done without prior consultation of the NPA. The journalist who uncovered the deal received threats by Goto and was given police protection in the US and in Japan.
The yakuza have been engaged in Southeast Asia since the s; they are working there to develop sex tourism and drug trafficking. In addition to their presence in Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand , the Philippines , and Vietnam , yakuza groups also operate in South Korea , China , Taiwan , and in the Pacific Islands especially Hawaii .
Yakuza groups also have a presence in North Korea; in , Yakuza member Yoshiaki Sawada was released from North Korea after spending five years in the country for attempting to bribe a North Korean official and smuggle drugs.
According to a speech by Mitsuhiro Suganuma, a former officer of the Public Security Intelligence Agency, around 60 percent of Yakuza members come from burakumin, the descendants of a feudal outcast class and approximately 30 percent of them are Japanese-born Koreans, and only 10 percent are from non-burakumin Japanese and Chinese ethnic groups.
The burakumin are a group that is socially discriminated against in Japanese society, whose recorded history goes back to the Heian period in the 11th century.
The burakumin are descendants of outcast communities of the pre-modern, especially the feudal era , mainly those with occupations considered tainted with death or ritual impurity , such as butchers, executioners , undertakers , or leather workers.
They traditionally lived in their own secluded hamlets. According to David E. While ethnic Koreans make up only 0. Japanese-born people of recent Korean ancestry are considered resident aliens because of their nationality and are often shunned in legitimate trades, and are therefore embraced by the Yakuza precisely because they fit the group's "outsider" image.
Since , regulations that made business with members illegal as well as enactments of Yakuza exclusion ordinances led to the group's membership decline from its 21st century peak.
Methods include that which brought down Al Capone : checking the organization's finances. This adds pressure to the group from the U.
As of , the U. The Yakuza have had mixed relations with Japanese society. Despite their pariah status, some of their actions may be perceived to have positive effects on society.
For example, they stop other criminal organisations acting in their areas of operation. They have been known to provide relief in times of disaster.
These actions have at times painted Yakuza in a fairly positive light within Japan. However, gang-wars, and the use of violence as a tool have caused their approval to fall with the general public.
See Murder of Junko Furuta. The Yakuza have been in media and culture in many different fashions. Creating its own genre of movies within Japan's film industry, the portrayal of the Yakuza mainly manifests in one of two archetypes; they are portrayed as either honorable and respectable men or as criminals who use fear and violence as their means of operation.
Digite seu e-mail e inscreva-se. Como os japoneses encaram a yakuza? Nesse artigo vamos ver tudo sobre a Yakuza. Existem mais de mil membros espalhados pelo mundo pertencentes ao sindicato do crime Yakuza.
Eles eram divididos em 2 grupos:.